Learning from the Masters – John William Waterhouse Copy in Oils – Part 9

In this series we will be working on a master copy in oils. I am using a 19th Century painting of the mythological figure ‘Lamia’ by John William Waterhouse as my reference.

You can use the same reference by clicking the link below, or you can find your own masterpiece to work from.

http://drawandpaint4free.artcoursework.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/Lamia-Waterhouse-1-scaled.jpg

In this session – I will be rendering the hair, using a mixture of glazing and direct painting techniques.

  • I begin by laying a glaze of burnt umber and black over the darkest parts of the hair.
  • Glazing deepens the tone and also increases the warmth.
  • If things get too warm when glazing you may need to make you colour cooler (you can do this by adding white, which greys things down.
  • I then patch in some more subdued colours over the lighter parts of the hair as my original colours were a bit too reddish.
  • Try to brush in the direction of the hair when painting – as this helps enhance the impression that the hair is flowing in a particular direction.
  • Finally, you can add any props or smaller embellishments throughout the hair (the pearl clasps in the case of this painting.
Materials:
  • OIL PAINTS
  • Titanium White
  • Ivory Black
  • Burnt Umber
  • Ultramarine Blue
  • Cadmium Yellow – Cadmium Red
  • Alizarin Crimson
  • ODOURLESS MINERAL SPIRITS (OMS)
  • LINSEED OIL
  • RANGE OF LARGE AND SMALL OIL BRUSHES
  • PALETTE
  • PALETTE
  • CUPS
  • CANVAS

Learning from the Masters – John William Waterhouse Copy in Oils – Part 8

In this series we will be working on a master copy in oils. I am using a 19th Century painting of the mythological figure ‘Lamia’ by John William Waterhouse as my reference.

You can use the same reference by clicking the link below, or you can find your own masterpiece to work from.

http://drawandpaint4free.artcoursework.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/Lamia-Waterhouse-1-scaled.jpg

In this session – I will be continuing to render the figure – focusing on the chest and right arm/hand.

  • I’ll be following the same process as the previous two sessions.
  • As time goes on, the rendering process will become easier as you will develop a better understanding of the particular colour mixtures that work well for any particular painting.
  • In this painting, I have to pay close attention to the relationship between cool (blues, greens) and warmer (yellow, red) tones.
  • My approach is to lay them in side by side and then gradually blend them together.
  • This creates a broken colour effect.
  • The final thing I do each session (before allowing the piece to dry) is lay in some lighter tones in the brightest areas.
  • This ensures that I don’t lose luminosity in the painting.
  • You will likely need to add a small amount of a strong colour to your lightest tones – to avoid them becoming too greyed out.
Materials:
  • OIL PAINTS
  • Titanium White
  • Ivory Black
  • Burnt Umber
  • Ultramarine Blue
  • Cadmium Yellow – Cadmium Red
  • Alizarin Crimson
  • ODOURLESS MINERAL SPIRITS (OMS)
  • LINSEED OIL
  • RANGE OF LARGE AND SMALL OIL BRUSHES
  • PALETTE
  • PALETTE
  • CUPS
  • CANVAS

Learning from the Masters – John William Waterhouse Copy in Oils – Part 7

In this series we will be working on a master copy in oils. I am using a 19th Century painting of the mythological figure ‘Lamia’ by John William Waterhouse as my reference.

You can use the same reference by clicking the link below, or you can find your own masterpiece to work from.

http://drawandpaint4free.artcoursework.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/Lamia-Waterhouse-1-scaled.jpg

In this session – I will be continuing to render the figure – focusing on the left arm.

  • In a similar fashion to how I approached the face in the previous session – I begin by making some slight adjustments to the temperature in the halftones and lights.
  • Primarily adding in some cooler (almost greenish) darker halftones as per the reference.
  • I also cooled down and brightened up the lightest tones slightly as well, because they were slightly too yellow and dark
  • Once the colours and tones were sufficiently adjusted, I use a range of dry and wet brushes to adjust and develop the more subtle blending and forms in the arm.
  • After the blendings are complete you can lay in your brightest colours again so that they retain their clarity relative to the halftones.
Materials:
  • OIL PAINTS
  • Titanium White
  • Ivory Black
  • Burnt Umber
  • Ultramarine Blue
  • Cadmium Yellow – Cadmium Red
  • Alizarin Crimson
  • ODOURLESS MINERAL SPIRITS (OMS)
  • LINSEED OIL
  • RANGE OF LARGE AND SMALL OIL BRUSHES
  • PALETTE
  • PALETTE
  • CUPS
  • CANVAS

Learning from the Masters – John William Waterhouse Copy in Oils – Part 6

In this series we will be working on a master copy in oils. I am using a 19th Century painting of the mythological figure ‘Lamia’ by John William Waterhouse as my reference.

You can use the same reference by clicking the link below, or you can find your own masterpiece to work from.

http://drawandpaint4free.artcoursework.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/Lamia-Waterhouse-1-scaled.jpg

In this session – I am working the first of several detail passes over the face of Lamia. I am using the following materials:

  • OIL PAINTS
  • Titanium White
  • Ivory Black
  • Burnt Umber
  • Ultramarine Blue
  • Cadmium Yellow – Cadmium Red
  • Alizarin Crimson
  • ODOURLESS MINERAL SPIRITS (OMS)
  • LINSEED OIL
  • RANGE OF LARGE AND SMALL OIL BRUSHES
  • PALETTE
  • PALETTE
  • CUPS
  • CANVAS

Process

  • I start by using my medium (1:1 linseed oil to OMS) to oil in the darker tones and create a ‘couch’ that will make it easier to blend the details into one another.
  • The I block in some colour and temperature (warm/cool) shifts over the dry layer below.
  • I keep adjusting these colours and tones while adding smaller transitions to define the smaller forms and details.
  • Once happy with these colours and tones, I begin to soften the transitions between colours and make the painting appear less blocky.
  • I will leave this until touch dry before working over this area again.

Sketch Your Home or Studio – Finishing off the Drawing!

This new series is the perfect project for when you’re stuck indoors. I will be showing you how I make a study in pencil of my own studio. You can either use the reference provided (see below). Or better yet, make a study of the inside of your own home or studio. You can work from a photo or life – whichever you prefer 🙂

In this session we will be finishing off the background and making some final adjustments to the entire drawing.

  • The final thing left to finish off is the background – though you don’t need to be as detailed in this area as the foreground.
  • Having more detail in the foreground will help it to feel closer to the viewer and increase the sense of depth.
  • Focus on smoothing out the tones in the background and make sure that all the elements roughly fit into the perspective of the scene and make sense structurally.
  • The final thing you can do is lay some final unifying passes of tones over the darker areas and use the eraser to make the lightest sections as bright as possible so that they really glow!

The materials you will need for this course are:

  • Paper (or a sketchbook)
  • Range of pencils (H, HB, B, 2B) – ideally a few mechanical pencils as well as regular ones.
  • Kneadable eraser
  • Sharpener or sanding block
  • Tape
  • Drawing board (if you aren’t using a sketchbook)

You can download the source image for the series here:

http://drawandpaint4free.artcoursework.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/P1090476-scaled.jpg

Sketch Your Home or Studio – Finishing off the Foreground

This series is the perfect project for when you’re stuck indoors. I will be showing you how I make a study in pencil of my own studio. You can either use the reference provided (see below). Or better yet, make a study of the inside of your own home or studio. You can work from a photo or life – whichever you prefer 🙂

In this session we will be carrying on from the previous video – finishing the details in the foreground in preparation for the final lesson where we will complete the background and pull everything together.

  • When working with complex layered elements, it’s often best to work from the back forwards.
  • Details in the darker, shadowy regions can be softer than the parts illuminated by the light sources.
  • In my piece you can see that the chair is in front of the table, so I worked on the table first, getting it to a finish before layering the chair details over.
  • Pay attention to the shadows that these details cast and add them in (the spindles on the back of the chair are casting small shadows onto the seat for instance).
  • You can also see that I spent time looking for highlights on reflective surfaces (like the chair and metal tubes on the table). These were picked out with the kneadable eraser.
  • Also make sure that any details match the approximate perspective in the scene (like the floorboards in my drawing for instance).

The materials you will need for this course are:

  • Paper (or a sketchbook)
  • Range of pencils (H, HB, B, 2B) – ideally a few mechanical pencils as well as regular ones.
  • Kneadable eraser
  • Sharpener or sanding block
  • Tape
  • Drawing board (if you aren’t using a sketchbook)

You can download the source image for the series here:

http://drawandpaint4free.artcoursework.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/P1090476-scaled.jpg

Sketch Your Home or Studio – Starting to Add Detail

This series is the perfect project for when you’re stuck indoors. I will be showing you how I make a study in pencil of my own studio. You can either use the reference provided (see below). Or better yet, make a study of the inside of your own home or studio. You can work from a photo or life – whichever you prefer 🙂

In this session we will begin to refine the drawing – working on each section gradually.

  • You will need a sharp pencil (or mechanical pencil like mine) in order to work on very small sections of detail.
  • Take your time as you work. I find it useful to limit myself to a specific area at a time – rather than wandering all over the drawing.
  • Pay particular attention to hard and soft edges.
  • Take the computer screen above for example – it has a very sharp edge compared to the softer shadow edges on the wall behind.
  • This helps push the wall behind the screen.
  • Finding very small forms within the drawing and paying particular attention to them will make it look more detailed very quickly.
  • Always take time to step back and look at the whole image regularly.
  • This way you won’t get too lost in individual sections of detail.
  • It’s important that you stick to the general statement of tonal relationships established in the previous stage.

The materials you will need for this course are:

  • Paper (or a sketchbook)
  • Range of pencils (H, HB, B, 2B) – ideally a few mechanical pencils as well as regular ones.
  • Kneadable eraser
  • Sharpener or sanding block
  • Tape
  • Drawing board (if you aren’t using a sketchbook)

You can download the source image for the series here:

http://drawandpaint4free.artcoursework.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/P1090476-scaled.jpg

Sketch Your Home or Studio – Creating Light Effects

This series is the perfect project for when you’re stuck indoors. I will be showing you how I make a study in pencil of my own studio. You can either use the reference provided (see below). Or better yet, make a study of the inside of your own home or studio. You can work from a photo or life – whichever you prefer 🙂

In this session we will be looking at how you can create light effects on the objects in your scene.

  • Begin by finding the light source that you will be rendering.
  • This will show you what direction the light is facing and therefore, what effect it will have on the objects, walls etc. in the scene.
  • In this case my table lamp is shining up at the wall, causing some parts to be illuminated and creating quite striking shadows.
  • Use the same smoothing techniques that we learnt last session to add more detail, and create gradients that get darker as the objects or walls move further from the light source.
  • You should also note where shadows are being cast and what object is casting them (see the face cast hanging on the wall above),
  • Keep going in this fashion until all the objects in the scene are illuminated correctly. They don’t have to be detailed yet – just make sure they are interacting with the light correctly.
  • You may need to do a few passes of tone over the shadows to unify them together.

The materials you will need for this course are:

  • Paper (or a sketchbook)
  • Range of pencils (H, HB, B, 2B) – ideally a few mechanical pencils as well as regular ones.
  • Kneadable eraser
  • Sharpener or sanding block
  • Tape
  • Drawing board (if you aren’t using a sketchbook)

You can download the source image for the series here:

http://drawandpaint4free.artcoursework.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/P1090476-scaled.jpg

Sketch Your Home or Studio – How to Smooth Things Out

This series is the perfect project for when you’re stuck indoors. I will be showing you how I make a study in pencil of my own studio. You can either use the reference provided (see below). Or better yet, make a study of the inside of your own home or studio. You can work from a photo or life – whichever you prefer 🙂

In this session I will be showing you how to smooth out and darken tones without flattening the paper…

  • You will be using a fine mechanical pencil (or a very sharp wooden pencil) to lightly work your way into the grain of the paper.
  • This is one way to make tone darker in graphite without crushing and damaging the paper.
  • Keep rolling the pencil as you work so that the tip statys sharp.
  • I also recommend working from different angles (below, left, right and above).
  • After multiple passes in this fashion the tone will be a lot darker and smoother without having crushed the paper.
  • Don’t worry of the edges are a bit soft as we will be sharpening things up later.

  • Keep doing this with the rest of the image.
  • Work with the darkest tones first before gradually adding lighter tones – this way you will know what the limit of the darkest tone is before trying to fit lighter tones in.

The materials you will need for this course are:

  • Paper (or a sketchbook)
  • Range of pencils (H, HB, B, 2B) – ideally a few mechanical pencils as well as regular ones.
  • Kneadable eraser
  • Sharpener or sanding block
  • Tape
  • Drawing board (if you aren’t using a sketchbook)

You can download the source image for the series here:

http://drawandpaint4free.artcoursework.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/P1090476-scaled.jpg

Sketch Your Home or Studio – Adding Tone to Your Line Drawing

This new series is the perfect project for when you’re stuck indoors. I will be showing you how I make a study in pencil of my own studio. You can either use the reference provided (see below). Or better yet, make a study of the inside of your own home or studio. You can work from a photo or life – whichever you prefer 🙂

In this session we will be fleshing out our initial line sketch with some nice masses of tone…

  • Start by laying in a light, even tone over anything that isn’t going to be very bright (I left the window and two other sources of light the same tone as the paper.
  • You can use linear hatching (shading in a single direction) for this part.
  • Once the general tone is in place you can pick darker shapes and start to deepen their tone.
  • This will give the scene more depth and structure.
  • Resist the temptation to add lots of detail – just focus on getting the big tones right.
  • Keep working this way until most of the main masses of tone are shaded in.
  • Next week we will use this as a basis to start rendering and adding more details.

The materials you will need for this course are:

  • Paper (or a sketchbook)
  • Range of pencils (H, HB, B, 2B) – ideally a few mechanical pencils as well as regular ones.
  • Kneadable eraser
  • Sharpener or sanding block
  • Tape
  • Drawing board (if you aren’t using a sketchbook)

You can download the source image for the series here:

http://drawandpaint4free.artcoursework.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/P1090476-scaled.jpg

Sketch Your Home or Studio – A Perfect Project When You’re Stuck Inside!

This new series is the perfect project for when you’re stuck indoors. I will be showing you how I make a study in pencil of my own studio. You can either use the reference provided (see below). Or better yet, make a study of the inside of your own home or studio. You can work from a photo or life – whichever you prefer 🙂

The materials you will need for this course are:

  • Paper (or a sketchbook)
  • Range of pencils (H, HB, B, 2B) – ideally a few mechanical pencils as well as regular ones.
  • Kneadable eraser
  • Sharpener or sanding block
  • Tape
  • Drawing board (if you aren’t using a sketchbook)

You can download the source image for the series here:

http://drawandpaint4free.artcoursework.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/P1090476-scaled.jpg

  • Start by taping up your paper to your drawing board.
  • I suggest that you put a piece of backing paper so that the drawing surface is less scratchy.
  • Lightly sketch in a rectangle that will determine the size and shape of your drawing.
  • Try to work as light as possible during this session. It is easier to do this if you hold your pencil very far back (near the end) as this makes it nearly impossible to press down too hard and it encourages you to make more confident sweeping lines.
  • Begin by lightly laying in all the major edges of walls and floors etc.
  • You can also add in any big pieces of furniture or objects at this stage (keep your shapes simple though – think rectangles and straight lines for now).
  • Pay attention to perspective as well – you don’t need to be too precise but it will help if you’re aware of the effect of perspective on the scene.
  • Once the major walls and objects are in place you can start to lightly place smaller objects (boxes, chairs, screens etc.)
  • Keep to just simple lines though. We don’t want to get too detailed just yet.
  • Once you reach this level of detail you can take a break. We will be adding tones next session before starting to refine smaller areas and add more detail in later sessions.

Fruit Still Life in Oils Part 5 – Adding the Final Touches

In this final lesson we will be adjusting edges to make the subject more prominent and refining the textures we added in the previous session.

  • We will begin this final session by taking a look at any overlapping forms and adjusting the relative hardness of the edges.
  • A straightforward example of this is the line in the background that runs behind the lemon – because the lemon is well forward of this line we can make the line behind softer so that the lemon feels sharper and closer to us (as it is in focus).
  • I did this by mixing up matching dark and light greys that I laid over the background, then used a dry brush to blend these tones together – resulting in a blurry edge.
  • I then repeated the same process for the little jutting ends of lemon that sit slightly behind the main body of the lemon.
  • I also added another darker glaze over some parts of the lemon in shadow to make it roll a bit more softly into the dark shadow below.
  • Finally, I added some bits of textured shadow up into the halftone texture above the shadow edge, and then blended this shadow colour with a general yellow halftone colour so that the texture feels a bit more soft and bumpy (rather than patchy).
  • That’s it – the painting is finished, it just needs some time to dry and then it will be ready to frame!
Course Materials:
  • Small Canvas (stretched or board)
  • Easel
  • Palette
  • Palette Cups
  • Oil Paints
    • Titanium White
    • Cadmium Yellow (or equivalent bright yellow)
    • Burnt Umber
    • Raw Umber
    • Prussian Blue
    • Ivory Black
  • Various brushes (ideally a range of smaller and larger brushes, but whatever you have lying around will be fine)
  • Odourless mineral spirits
  • Linseed oil
  • Tape
  • Paper towel or rag for cleaning up

Fruit Still Life in Oils Part 4 – Adding Texture

In this lesson we will be adding some nice texture to the lemon using smaller brushes.

  1. Begin by applying small highlights in pure white using a small pointed brush.
  2. This will give you a reference point for the lightest tones – making it easier to judge the values of the darker halftone textures.
  1. Once you’ve added the white highlights, gradually mix darker yellows while applying a lot of small brush-strokes.
  2. The textures should get gradually darker as they go towards the shadow edge (just like the last part).
  1. Finally, add some lighter texture into the shadow and add some shadow tone into the dark halftones above the shadow edge.
  2. This will make the shadow edge the most contrasty and textured part.
  3. Leave to dry before we make a final pass over the piece to pull everything together.
Course Materials:
  • Small Canvas (stretched or board)
  • Easel
  • Palette
  • Palette Cups
  • Oil Paints
    • Titanium White
    • Cadmium Yellow (or equivalent bright yellow)
    • Burnt Umber
    • Raw Umber
    • Prussian Blue
    • Ivory Black
  • Various brushes (ideally a range of smaller and larger brushes, but whatever you have lying around will be fine)
  • Odourless mineral spirits
  • Linseed oil
  • Tape
  • Paper towel or rag for cleaning up

Fruit Still Life in Oils Part 3 – Making the Painting Pop Off the Canvas

Making the Painting Pop Off the Canvas:

In this lesson we will be working over the basic lay-in that we established in the second part. Using the same colour mixtures we will start to make the painting more 3D.

  • You will need to spread a very thin layer of your medium all over the painting to resaturate and darken all the colours (this is important whenever you start working on a dry oil painting).
  • Then begin by working on the background around the fruit, making any adjustments to the value if necessary (I darkened mine) and make the contour around the fruit more detailed.
  • Once you’ve finished the background, move onto the shadow of the fruit.
  • You can use the same colour mixtures as the previous session so it should be easier to get the colours right.
  • It is best to use a reasonable amount of medium in the darker tones so that they stay quite thin.
  • As well as adding detail inside the shadow, you should also add detail to the edge of the shadow – which will begin to suggest the form and texture of the fruit in light.
  • Finally make any necessary changes to the lighter parts of the fruit (you will probably need to paint some slightly brighter, more saturated colours than last week.
  • Once the light tones are added, use mid tones to blend the shadows into the lights more softly.
  • This final stage will make the painting pop off the canvas in a 3D way.
Course Materials:
  • Small Canvas (stretched or board)
  • Easel
  • Palette
  • Palette Cups
  • Oil Paints
    • Titanium White
    • Cadmium Yellow (or equivalent bright yellow)
    • Burnt Umber
    • Raw Umber
    • Prussian Blue
    • Ivory Black
  • Various brushes (ideally a range of smaller and larger brushes, but whatever you have lying around will be fine)
  • Odourless mineral spirits
  • Linseed oil
  • Tape
  • Paper towel or rag for cleaning up

Fruit Still Life Study in Oils Part 2 – Blocking in the Basic Colours

Blocking in the Basic Colours:

  • Once the wash drawing is dry, you can add all the basic colours and start to develop a sense of form.
  • From this stage onwards you can use all the colours – try to pay attention to the particular mixtures you use as it will help in later stages if you can roughly remember what you used to mix up all the different colours.
  • You will need to add a little oil to your mineral spirits this time (and in future sessions you will need to use more oil each time).
  • Start with the background as this will likely be quite a flat and neutral colour.
  • If the ground plane and background plane are different you will need to mix up two different colours.
  • Look for a slight gradient in the ground plane (ideally lighter at the front and darker at the back). As this will start to impart a sense of depth.
  • You can lighten the paint on the canvas by mixing up a lighter colour and blending it straight into the wet paint.
  • Make the edge between the shadow on the ground and the general ground colour slightly soft (we don’t want any hard edges at this stage).
  • Once the background is in – you mix up a colour for the fruit in shadow.
  • This may take some trial and error as you want the shadow to be the same value (darkness) and colour as your subject. Experiment with different mixtures until the colour looks good. 
  • You will have an opportunity to make adjustments with glazes later on so it doesn’t have to be perfect.
  • Once the fruit in shadow is done, follow the same process for the fruit in light.
  • Mix up some slightly darker tones to begin developing the halftones where the fruit colour turns from the shadow to the light. This will make the lemon appear more 3D.
  • You can also use a blender brush (a clean brush) to soften all the edges of the lemon. This will help make the form of the lemon more round and it will also get rid of any hard edges that would show through the later layers that are thinner and more transparent.
  • Once everything is roughly blocked in, you will need to leave the painting until it is touch dry before continuing onto the next stage.
Course Materials:
  • Small Canvas (stretched or board)
  • Easel
  • Palette
  • Palette Cups
  • Oil Paints
    • Titanium White
    • Cadmium Yellow (or equivalent bright yellow)
    • Burnt Umber
    • Raw Umber
    • Prussian Blue
    • Ivory Black
  • Various brushes (ideally a range of smaller and larger brushes, but whatever you have lying around will be fine)
  • Odourless mineral spirits
  • Linseed oil
  • Tape
  • Paper towel or rag for cleaning up